Elba Rosa Pérez, Minister of the Science, Technology and Environment portfolio, made this statement during her speech at the III Conference on Small Island Developing States, which is held in this capital.
The world has a vast accumulated scientific and technological knowledge, and on a global scale enough food is produced for everyone, Pérez acknowledged.
However, the Minister pointed out that an inefficient and indiscriminate use of scarce natural resources continues, and large sums of money are wasted for profit, arms and speculative purposes.
Likewise, the Cuban official assured that climate change represents an obvious threat that damages the viability of the development of small island states, therefore urgent and balanced solutions are required.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the ongoing negotiations under that instrument should contribute to advancing in this regard, with the adoption of a new climate agreement in 2015, he added.
Pérez recalled that Cuba, due to its insular condition and geographical characteristics, is very susceptible to extreme hydro-meteorological events. However, the country is making enormous efforts, essentially with its own resources, to outline the main actions that are being carried out regarding the implementation of climate change and disaster risk reduction policies, he said.
The Minister also warned that national efforts will be insufficient if there are no coherent policies at the global level that support the achievement of sustainable development.
In that sense, he said that it is necessary to establish a system of international relations that tends to reduce inequalities between countries and encourages the participation of all in global decision-making. We hope that this conference marks a milestone in the promotion of sustainable development among our countries and contributes to renew the international commitment that allows Island Developing States to face the pressing economic, social and environmental problems that we face, Pérez concluded.
The so-called Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are made up of more than 50 nations and territories characterized by their small size, remoteness, lack of resources and susceptibility to climate change and natural disasters.
The III Conference on SIDS began the day before and will culminate next Thursday in the capital of Samoa.