The Happy Country: Bhutan measures the happiness of its inhabitants

The Happy Country: Bhutan measures the happiness of its inhabitants

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Although Bhutan's economy is 9,000 times less than Japan's, the people of Bhutan are far happier. And already other countries, such as Japan, want to incorporate the FIB, gross domestic happiness, as their best index of progress.

When Bhutan began to open up to the rest of the world, you could see how picturesque and fascinating its ancient and modern culture. It was in the middle of the last century, and especially at the end, when the kingdom of Bhutan began to lose the secrecy that characterized it. Today his name means ‘The Land of the Thunder Dragon’, although throughout history it has had a multitude of meanings and names, most allusive to this mythological animal. The monarch, in fact, holds the title of ‘Dragon King’.

In the 1960s, to the surprise of the elderly, the phone and own currency, the Ngultrum, since until then they did not have a legal tender. In 1999, on the other hand, they landed the television and internet, under the yoke of censorshipYes, because certain channels or content were and continue to be banned from the Bhutanese. The democracy It was released just two years ago, but most of them showed a great conscience about it; Apparently there was an old woman who walked 600 kilometers just to be able to exercise her right to vote, because car trips made her too dizzy. No wonder, for Bhutan is a country rugged and hilly, where the longest straight stretch of road occupies just half a kilometer and there are no traffic lights even in the capital, Timbhu. Even the rivers are navigable in this small Central Asian country.

To find the balance between this openness to the outside and the preservation of traditions the town, the concept of Gross Inner Happiness, the Bhutanese substitute for the Gross Domestic Product by which the other economies of the world are governed. This FIB, which was created according to the Buddhist philosophy, chases enhance human well-being from the guarantee of certain rights and social parameters and not promoting so much the persecution of material goods. However, the concept was blurred when some studies expressed that the 68% of Bhutanese did not consider themselves happy according to these values, although there are others that place Bhutan as the eighth happiest country in the world, ahead of the United States.

King of Butan - Jigme Khesar Namgyel

Indeed, Bhutan strives to preserve certain traditions and laws that differentiate it from the rest of the peoples of the planet. Bhutanese is still a matriarchal society, in which some women even practice the polygamy, and it is prohibited, for example, to use plastic bags or cage animals "A zoo is unthinkable in Bhutan." Became the second smoke free country, only behind Niue, when prohibited the sale and consumption of tobacco. To the tourists, whose number is very restricted and they are forced to come on organized tours, they are allowed to smoke in Bhutan, but if they are caught selling cigarettes to the natives they can be arrested for smuggling.

Video: Bhutan Schools Focus on Gross National Happiness (June 2022).


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