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1.Change the bulbs.
Replacing a traditional bulb with an LED one saves more than 75 kilograms of carbon dioxide per year. It is true that the second is more expensive, but it is cheaper throughout your life.
2.Turn off the TV and the PC.
Just by turning off the television, DVD or PC when they are not in use will prevent thousands of kilos of CO2 from going into the atmosphere. Do not leave electrical appliances on stand-by (waiting): a television that remains on for three hours a day (the average that Westerners watch TV) and on stand-by for the remaining 21 hours will consume 40 percent of the energy total in standby mode. Do not leave your mobile charger plugged in all the time, even if it is not connected to the phone, because it will continue to consume electricity.
Go, ride a bike, use public transportation. You will save 30 grams of CO2 for every 4.5 kilometers that you do not drive. For each liter of fuel burned by a car engine, an average of 2.5 kilos of CO2 is released. Do not run with the car: you will use less gasoline and emit less CO2. Going more than 120 kilometers per hour increases fuel consumption by 30 percent, compared to a speed of 80 kilometers per hour. 4. Check the tires. If your tire pressure drops 0.5 bar, your car will consume 2.5 percent more fuel and therefore release 2.5 percent more CO2. Saving four liters of gasoline avoids the emission of six kilos of carbon dioxide.
You can save more than 730 kilos of CO2 per year by recycling half of the garbage that you produce at home.
6. Avoid a lot of packaging.
Choose products with little packaging: a 1.5 liter bottle generates less waste than three half liter bottles. When shopping, use reusable bags. Avoid wet and paper towels. You can avoid the emission of 1,100 kilos of CO2 if you reduce your waste by 10 percent.
7. Less hot water.
A large amount of energy is required to heat water. Install a water flow regulator in the shower and you will avoid the emission of more than 100 kilos of carbon dioxide a year. Wash with cold or warm water and you will save 150 kilos of CO2. You save hot water and use four times less energy if you take a shower instead of a bath. Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth. Make sure your faucets don't leak: a drip from one can lose enough water to fill a bathtub in a month.
8. Keep an eye on appliances.
Covering the pot while you cook is a way to save a lot of energy. Even better are pressure cookers and steamers, which save 70 percent energy. Use the washing machine and dishwasher only when they are full. If they aren't, use inexpensive programs.
It is not necessary to set a high temperature, today detergents are effective even when it is low. Remember that if the fridge and freezer are close to the fires or the boiler, they will consume much more energy. If these are old, defrost them periodically. The new ones have automatic defrost cycles and are almost twice as efficient. Do not put hot or warm food in the fridge; you will save energy if you let them cool down first.
9. Adjust the thermostat.
The oscillation of two degrees Celsius in winter and in summer saves more than 600 kilos of carbon dioxide per household in a single year. Lowering the temperature one degree can reduce your heating bill by 5 to 10 percent. When you ventilate your house, open the windows for a few minutes, do not let the heat escape for a long time. If you leave a small opening all day, the energy required to keep the interior warm for six cold months will be almost a ton of CO2 emissions. Insulate your house well. Do not abuse air conditioners, they consume a lot of energy and emit about 650 grams of CO2. And it supposes a cost in your invoice.
10. Plant a tree.
A single tree absorbs a ton of carbon dioxide throughout its life. What is climate change and how does it affect us? Climate change is the global variation in the Earth's climate.
It is due to natural causes and also to the action of man and they occur at very different time scales and on all climatic parameters: temperature, rainfall, cloud cover, etc.
The term "Greenhouse effect" It refers to the retention of heat from the Sun in the Earth's atmosphere by a layer of gases in the atmosphere. Without them, life as we know it would not be possible, since the planet would be too cold.
These gases include carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane, which are released by industry, agriculture, and the burning of fossil fuels. The industrialized world has achieved that the concentration of these gases has increased by 30% since the last century, when, without human action, nature was in charge of balancing emissions.
At present there is an almost generalized scientific consensus around the idea that our mode of energy production and consumption is generating global warming, which in turn will cause serious impacts both on the earth and on socioeconomic systems.
Climate change affects us all. The potential impact is huge, with predictions of a lack of clean water, large changes in conditions for food production, and an increase in death rates due to floods, storms, droughts and heat waves.
Ultimately, climate change is not just an environmental phenomenon but one with profound economic and social consequences. The poorest countries, which are least prepared to deal with rapid change, will suffer the worst consequences.
The extinction of animals and plants is predicted, as habitats will change so fast that many species will not be able to adapt in time. The World Health Organization has warned that the health of millions of people could be threatened by increasing malaria, malnutrition and waterborne diseases.