By Silvia Ribeiro
The toxic package was previously approved by Canada and multinationals are pressing for its approval in Argentina, Brazil and South Africa, which together with the previous ones represent almost 80 percent of the global production of transgenics.
Both herbicides have a long history, so their impacts are known. 2-4 d is one of the components of Agent Orange, used as a chemical weapon in the war against Vietnam, with sequels for generations to the present. Now, as Grain put it in his report on 2-4 d soybeans, it is a "war against the farmers" (www.grain.org)
Dicamba and 2-4 d belong to the same class of toxins, which have been linked to the emergence of different forms of cancer, diseases of the immune system, neurological and reproductive problems, endocrine disruption. Apart from the direct exposure of workers, distributors, etc., the residues left in food expand the effects to consumers.
In the field they have a high dispersal capacity, there are proven cases where the drift of fumigations has ended with vegetable and fruit crops in neighboring fields (even corn and beans). This is one of the reasons why many farmers are opposed to the approval of these transgenic seeds that will increase their use. The USDA itself estimates that with the approval of corn and soy resistant to 2-4 d, the use of the poison will grow between 500 and 1,400 percent in the next 9 years. The EPA therefore put a condition on companies: before using it, they must take into account the intensity and direction of the wind. The measure will probably not be respected by farmers, but companies will find a legal way - contracts, notices on products - to disclaim all responsibility, and who knows, maybe they will even make the victims pay, as happens with GM contamination.
These highly toxic herbicides have been banned in several countries, and were avoided in most of them. His return is a clear example of the perversion and failure of the transgenic model. After two decades of planting glyphosate resistant seeds, lots of resistant weeds have emerged. The business tactic is to sell more toxic herbicides. Although agriculture with chemicals predates GMOs, before they had to apply less in order not to kill their own crop. With transgenics, the doses were multiplied enormously, which caused the emergence of super weeds. In Georgia, the United States, 92 percent of the fields have these resistant weeds, a situation repeated in half of the country's agricultural fields.
This does not worry too much to the companies that own all the transgenic crops grown in the world (Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow, DuPont, Bayer and Basf), since they are also the largest global producers of pesticides. Together they control almost 80 percent of the global market and their biggest business is that they have to use more pesticides.
Due to the violation of rights that all this implies, the Network for a Transgenics-Free Latin America (www.rallt.org) and other organizations wrote to several United Nations rapporteurs requesting their urgent intervention.
Companies tend to shield themselves, saying that their crops are not only resistant to pesticides (85 percent are), they also have transgenic insecticides, with the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin that supposedly reduces the use of pesticides. A study from the University of Arizona (Carrière and Tabashnik, 2014) that reviewed 38 studies on 10 strains of the Bt toxin and 15 pest insects, concluded that in half of the cases the Bt crops did not work as promised, while growing resistance in insects. The use of several Bt strains in the same transgenic, instead of increasing the effectiveness, has caused cross-resistance to all strains.
The transgenic model is a disaster that also does not work: the crops are worse than those that already existed and the impacts on health, environment and dependency are increasingly serious. It is only maintained by the dependence created by multinationals and governments on farmers (with contracts and / or programs); and with the millions they spend on propaganda and corrupting whoever is allowed.
In this beautiful context, Monsanto has just installed a "research center" on corn in Tlajomulco, Jalisco. Primed in years of contracts with various public university and research centers (U. de Guadalajara, Cinvestav, Inifap ...) that provided the germplasm and / or local knowledge of the center of origin of the grain by crumbs, now Monsanto wants them to work directly to they. There are rotten grains in all fields, but the roots of corn are very deep and are woven into all resistances. Contrary to what companies want to sell, there are more and more people and even entire countries, against GMOs and their toxins.
* Researcher at the ETC Group