These allow better use of vertical space in orchards or small gardens. Climbers, as they grow, are curled to a surface to develop vertically and have better access to light to carry out photosynthesis.
If there are walls, fences, bars, posts, pergolas, arches, rocks, etc. we can use it to grow climbing plants and thus revalue that space.
Among other benefits, vines can: decorate, provide shade, form small spaces, reduce the difference in temperature between the interior and exterior of buildings, beautify facades, hide structures, etc.
A main benefit of being surrounded by plants and having a green wall is the temperature, since these cool the environment and absorb the sun's rays.
A main benefit of being surrounded by plants and having a green wall is the temperature, since they cool the environment and absorb the sun's rays. They also provide oxygen and, depending on the species, a pleasant aroma.
Although the incorporation of climbing plants provides many benefits, we must bear in mind that these can be more susceptible than other types of plants to damage caused by strong winds. That is why it is important to keep this factor in mind when planning your location.
There are climbing plants that do not require any type of support, since they themselves curl on the surface and use thorns, crawling stems or aerial roots to hold and climb it. But otherwise, some supports must be used to support the plant. This stand can be supplied with garden twine, horticultural wire, ties and rings.
Before sowing them, factors such as the type of soil, the needs for water, light and organic matter must be taken into account ...
Regarding the care and requirements of this type of plants, they can vary enormously from one variety to another. Before sowing them, factors such as the type of soil, the needs for water, light and organic matter must be taken into account. It is also important to locate it in a place where it receives enough light, does not spoil by excess or lack of water and can obtain all the nutrients it needs during its life cycle from the earth.
Another issue to take into account is that pruning can be beneficial to give the most convenient shape in each case, as well as to clarify the varieties of plants that are more leafy and facilitate access to the light of all the leaves and good circulation. from air.
There are many climbing plants, some of them horticultural and others ornamental, we are going to know what may be the most common.
Examples of horticultural climbing plants
• Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis)
• Vine (Vitis vinifera)
• Peas or peas (Pisum sativum)
• Green beans (Phaseolum vulgaris)
• Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)
• Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
• Passion fruit (Passiflora edulis)
Examples of ornamental climbing plants
• Climbing honeysuckle (Lonicera)
• Jasmine (Jasminum officinalis)
• Climbing hydrangea (Hydrangea petiolaris)
• Ivy (Hedera helix)
• Don Diego by day (Ipomea purpurea)
• Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis)
• Orange bignonia (Bignonia capensis)
• Porcelain flower (Hoya carnosa)
Some easy-to-get vines for your home
If it is in your plans to show "green walls" in your house, this is the best selection of varieties that we advise you since they are fast growing, little care, beauty and affordable anywhere.
They are evergreen and last for many years as it is one of the most resistant. There are different varieties with different sizes, shapes and shades of the leaves, some being white and others yellow. These plants need to grow in shady areas and the soil must be moist for the first few years.
In love with the wall
Also called Virgin vine, it is a deciduous shrub that grows a lot and quickly, and it is especially interesting because in autumn its leaves take on an orange-red tone that is very striking. It is especially recommended for covering walls and walls and does not need to be pruned.
This is one of the most popular climbers as it is the fastest growing one, quickly covering any wall.
• Fast-growing vines are often sold as seeds and should be planted after winter ends, while slow-growing vines are sold as plants and can be placed in the ground during any month of the year.
• If they are in pots they only need compost. It is preferred if the sun does not shine directly on the soil in the pot, so that the roots remain fresher.
• If the vines are to be positioned to fold to a wall, they must be spaced 18 inches or more from the wall.
• To guide growth, vines or climbing plants need to be tutored, that is, to tie them with thread to the eaves columns so that they reach the ceiling or a very firm support, since over time the plant will grow and become more and more heavy.
• The growth guides must be oriented from time to time so that the plant is directed to the sectors that one wishes.