By Cristian Frers
The Forest Law was promulgated on November 28, 2007, by the National Congress, which establishes norms and also economic resources for the sustainable management of native forests and the environmental services they provide to society.
By saying forests, the law is valuing not only each tree, but also the ecosystems that help maintain the soil, the climate, the flora and fauna, among others. Not only native forests should be protected, where man has not intervened, but also those that were formed naturally, after clearing and also counting the areas that were reforested with native species in each municipality, province or nation.
However, in 2016, Argentina is experiencing a true forest emergency. We have five times less native forests than there were at the beginning of the 20th century and the few that remain are threatened.
We are among the ten countries in the world that destroy the most forests. I find it unfortunate and unfair, because it is not a natural phenomenon but a product of the greed of landowners and politicians.
The Law of Forests is not fulfilled, because there was not the least will of the Executive Power and the provincial and municipal governments, which had to take care of the forests.
Since its promulgation in 2007, more than 2 million hectares have been cleared, of which more than 600,000 correspond to forests protected by law, where logging or clearing is absolutely prohibited.
Regarding the Glacier Protection Law, it was enacted on October 28, 2010 and aims to preserve glaciers, as strategic reserves of water resources for human consumption, for agriculture and as providers of water for basin recharge. hydrographic. Also, glaciers are considered as public goods; Glacier is understood to be any stable or slowly flowing perennial ice mass, with or without interstitial water, formed by the re-crystallization of snow, located in different ecosystems, whatever their shape, dimension or state of conservation.
With the Glaciers Law we are running the bow: first it suffered the presidential veto, then Congress delayed its sanction and when it was sanctioned it did not regulate it, it was prosecuted, and now they avoid applying it or apply it as they want.
Argentina has environmental laws supported by Article 41 of the National Constitution. These laws imply the implementation of an environmental policy, which ensures the protection of the population and the environment in the country. However, day by day, the Argentine people realize that their rights in this area are being violated.
Argentina does not have a sustainable development model; the inadequate management of urban solid waste, the processes of erosion, desertification and deforestation, the lack of foresight in the management of natural risks, and pollution at all its scales, promote the vulnerability of our citizens.