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Imagine for a moment that you are an elephant. Or a spotted eagle. Of his, his family, there are fewer and fewer. There are thousands of animals on the planet on the brink of disappearance. Exactly 3,309 species of mammals, 4,393 of birds and 7,819 of fish, according to data from the World Bank. Toxic discharges, the ingestion of plastics, the transformation of natural habitats into agricultural areas and illegal traffic have severely decimated these populations. This in regard to the animal kingdom, since in the plant the number of specimens amounts to 14,781, almost double that of the aforementioned fauna.
Species considered in danger of extinction are those that the International Union for Conservation of Nature classifies as threatened, vulnerable, exotic, undetermined or not sufficiently known. According to this organization, the oldest in the world dedicated to the conservation of natural resources, many other animals that are not yet in danger of extinction are also decreasing at an alarming rate.
But how can we know which territories are more dangerous? EL PAÍS has produced an interactive infographic in which it is possible to check in detail, country by country, which are the areas in which animals live the most cornered. You can also click on each black point to learn more about various threatened species. You have to take into account some factors, yes. Extensive nations with varied ecosystems, such as Brazil, treasure animal and plant diversity to a greater extent and therefore, in absolute numbers of animals in extinction, they fare worse.
On Wednesday, June 8, the date on which World Oceans Day was celebrated, the UN urged the preservation of the marine environment and the cessation of toxic discharges into waters, one of the major causes of animal mortality. In 2015 alone, an average of 25 million kilos of plastic waste were thrown into the sea per day, of which 80% came from the mainland. Up to 267 species would have been poisoned by the ingestion of plastic fragments or would have died entangled in this waste.
Combating the mortality figures of flora and fauna happens, among other things, by reducing consumption and efficiently recycling our waste, as claimed by the UN. The European Commission, along the same lines, has already adopted a plan aimed at promoting the circular economy, whose maxim is sustainability in production, consumption, design and recycling, so that products are reused and repaired to create a continuous refresh loop.
All actions that would clarify the green equation: less consumption, less garbage, less garbage, less pollution of nature. And less pollution, more health and longevity for the biosphere of our planet.
Cover photo: To see the complete infographics go to: http://elpais.com/elpais/2016/06/08/media/1465381860_952146.html