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When a decree was published the previous Wednesday that makes Yucatan a state free of transgenics, with two specific zones to avoid the use of these products, the state governed by the PRI Rolando Zapata Bello is the first in the peninsula to make that decision.
As published in the Official Gazette of the state, the reasons why the zones are declared free of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are due to various factors, and mainly the risk they cause to human health.
For example, they related them to cancer disease, to contamination of the subsoil and the peninsular aquifer, because the soil is karst type, therefore it permeates more easily; in addition to the damage to the economy of indigenous peasants who sustain themselves through beekeeping.
The decree establishes that “it is deemed necessary to apply the precautionary principle in the face of morally unacceptable harm of threat to health due to the presence of transgenic soy and the extensive use of agrochemicals; for the serious and irreversible damage to beekeeping, and because it is unfair for future generations ”.
It also refers that “it violates the human rights of Mayan milper or beekeepers producers, prior, free and informed consultation, the right to work, food, commercialization and industrialization and social property, as well as the human right to a healthy environment ”.
With the decree, the Ministry of Urban Development and Environment, together with the Ministry of Rural Development, will have to promote the use of organic crops among agricultural producers.
The promotion of the delivery of GMO-free seeds, the training of farmers on the care of organic crops and their supervision for their correct operation.
Debate on the Peninsula
In recent years, the discussion about the use of transgenics in the Yucatan peninsula increased considerably; In Campeche, for example, indigenous communities have started with their consultation, but they have also confronted groups that defend GMOs, such as the Mennonites and the companies that develop them, such as Monsanto.
Recently, members of the Los Chenes collective traveled to Peru to participate in the Latin American Conference for Donors of Indigenous Peoples, where they denounced that the Mexican State is unable to comply with the ruling of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) regarding the illegal planting of GMOs.
Those who have warned of the effects of the planting of transgenics, have also warned that the water of the Yucatecan peninsula is affected by agrochemicals that, according to research by the Autonomous University of Yucatan (UAY), in conjunction with the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), affect Mayan women.
The studies carried out determined the presence of carcinogenic elements linked to agrochemicals, pesticides and pesticides in the breast milk and blood of women.
The Mayan Journey