Uruguay affirmed its commitment to adapting agriculture to climate change during its participation in the Marrakech Summit in the middle of this month, the Minister of Agriculture of the South American country, Tabaré Aguerre, told the press today.
The official said that the agricultural sector is one of the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change and is, in turn, essential to achieve the eradication of hunger in the world, which is one of the sustainable development goals.
Aguerre stressed that the goals of the scientific community regarding the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the change in temperature, so that there are no irreversible changes, will not be achieved and therefore this is a problem of scale global and intergenerational.
"Ultimately it is a problem that has to do with sustainability and the possibility of maintaining an environment or a planet similar to the one we who are part of this generation have known," he added.
On the other hand, Aguerre said that agriculture explains only 14% of the causes of greenhouse gas emissions, although in Uruguay they represent 80% from the high agricultural activity that the country has.
"We are three million but we produce food for 28 million and we have a level of emission from an agricultural activity that has 12 million cows," he stressed.
Meanwhile, Aguerre said that the Uruguayan delegation, together with other countries with agricultural economies, led a position that considers that the objective of food security will not be achieved without increasing production by increasing production efficiency and reducing intensity. emissions per unit.
"This can become a trade barrier, I believe that everyone is concerned about the possibility of entering a stage of a new agricultural protectionism, you must have the scientific arguments and the negotiating capacity so that this does not happen," said Aguerre .
In this sense, the minister considered that Uruguay, as a country that legally protected its native forest and forested one million hectares, shows an image of sustainable and efficient management of its natural pastures that differentiate it from the rest.
"I think it is possible to keep in focus the strategic importance of having agriculture adapted to climate change with an excellent opportunity to generate co-benefits that indirectly allow a mitigating effect," said Aguerre.
"Besides being an ethical responsibility, it is also an opportunity to differentiate our production," he added.
The Marrakech Summit was held on November 17, 2016 in the framework of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP22).