Indigenous communities, peasants, civil society and authorities of the Mexican state of Yucatán, say that they will defend 'with everything' a decree approved almost two months ago to be a transgenic-free entity and that now the federal government seeks to reverse by filing its unconstitutionality before the Supreme Court. Court of Mexico.
The Yucatán decree, approved on October 26, which prohibits crops with genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the state of Yucatán, such as transgenic soy, which is incompatible with the agricultural activities that are ancestrally carried out by thousands of indigenous families Mayans and from which they live, mainly from beekeeping, Yucatan officials and activists consulted by Xinhua explained.
'It is perfectly documented in various studies that the planting of transgenic soy resistant to the herbicide called glyphosate, is not compatible for activities such as beekeeping, and this would cause much damage to biodiversity and economic activity,' recognized the Secretary of Urban Development and Environment of the state of Yucatán, Eduardo Batllori.
Nor, he added, "the risk posed to the health of the population by glyphosate spraying, classified by the World Health Organization as a probable carcinogen, cannot be ignored."
Beekeeping is one of the main activities in the southeast of Mexico and currently about 20 thousand families of producers of Mayan origin depend on it, who comply with the high standards of regulations on organic products in countries such as Germany, the United States, Japan or China, the latter that is looking for the next season to carry about 10 containers of honey.
‘The planting of transgenic soy in the Yucatan Peninsula implies ending beekeeping, the cultural wealth of the communities and the environment of the Mayan jungle. (…) Beekeeping has promoted sustainable development for several generations, breaking this virtuous circle is promoting deforestation and desertification of water basins', warned the local official.Yucatán annually exports 700 tons of honey, which promote an economic spill of $ 2 billion.
The Government of President Enrique Peña Nieto this week asked the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN), according to the Mexican newspaper Reforma, to annul the decree of the state of Yucatan that prevents crops with GMOs and promotes organic crops.
According to the controversy of unconstitutionality of the decree, it supposes that the government of Yucatán would have invaded powers of the Congress of Mexico that regulated the issue since 2005 through the Law of Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms, whose application corresponds to federal agencies.
According to the publication of the Mexican newspaper, the intervention of the Supreme Court will serve to clarify what are the limits of the powers of local governments on the subject of transgenics 'if they have any', without making pronouncements on scientific controversies and environmental conditions generated by the use of this type of seed.
'The decree was not approved on the knees, it was previously endorsed by academics, indigenous people, farmers and environmentalists, who with scientific and technical studies verified the damage that the planting of transgenic crops would cause and now we are going to defend not with a raised fist but with legal arguments civil society with the government of Yucatán, 'the coordinator of the MA OGM Collective of Yucatán, Luis Arturo Carrillo, told Xinhua.
However, the government of Yucatán argues that the planting of transgenics violates various articles of the law in the entity because it did not determine the effects of this type of organisms on the processes of agricultural production and biodiversity, in addition to violating the right to the free, prior and informed consultation of indigenous peoples.
The Panama Star