The study ensures that salmon "present antibiotic residues higher than the limit allowed by the International CODEX Alimentarius (Food Code) and can cause negative consequences on the health of those who eat them.
Pink salmon is one of the most consumed fish and is associated with favorable properties to counteract cardiovascular diseases, lower levels of "bad" cholesterol and normalize triglycerides.
The sample was obtained after surveying more than 100 products in 38 stores in the Federal Capital and finding that “66% of the cases present traces of flumequine and, mainly, oxytetracycline hydrochloride, both compounds of the antibiotics used in salmon farms for counteract the diseases that cause their deaths ”.
Consumption in the country
In Argentina, fish consumption in 2016 was 7.2 kilos per capita. Pink salmon has always been considered a gourmet, exquisite and coveted food, but in recent years it has become more fashionable due to the increase in the consumption of certain dishes such as sushi.
“Although a general trend was not established, the neighborhoods of Almagro, Barracas, Belgrano, Boedo, Caballito, Colegiales, Nuñez, Palermo, Parque Chas, Recoleta, Villa Crespo, Villa del Parque and Villa Urquiza were those with the highest percentage positive. While the neighborhoods of Balvanera, Monserrat and San Telmo yielded negative data ”, assured Pablo Rosito, director of the study.
According to the season
The researchers, also professors of the Food Engineering career, came to the conclusion that during the summer the number of salmon with the presence of antibiotics increases.
"We took samples for a whole year and found positive results in 77% of the cases analyzed in summer, 63% in spring and 41% in winter", they indicated
The study also ensures that the unintentional consumption of drugs through residues present in the food we eat "can generate a selection of bacteria resistant to antibiotics, which in the future will be more difficult to eliminate from the body since they will counteract the effects of the medicines so that the affected person would be more prone to contracting diseases.
The largest quantity of salmon consumed in Argentina "is imported fresh from Chile, whose industry is highly relevant to the point that it has become the second largest producer of this fish in the world, behind Norway," the Uade study states.
In the trans-Andean country, fish are raised in artificial redoubts on the sea authorized by the State and, according to the study, "they usually administer pesticides and antibiotics to control diseases"
But the drawback "lies in the drug residues that are lodged in the fish that go on sale in national stores," the report says.
Photo: A man vaccinates a salmon in the fish farms of a salmon farm (EFE)