To comply with this action, several spaces that promote action are working on models of ordinances that we will publish on this page.
For now, and if you are interested in adding to your space in action to install it in your city or commune, we attach the models of ordinances that the Ecos de Saladillo and Action for Biodiversity organizations have already worked on, which They can be adapted or modified according to the look and reality of each place.
Get organized, JOIN YOUR CITY and / or spread the word!
AGROECOLOGY IS LIFE!
Download projects below:
General-agroecology-ordinance-project (48.00 kB) Saladillo-agroecology-ordinance-project-(52.50 kB)
For any questions or doubts send an email to: [email protected]
On February 27, 2017, the Office of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, in collaboration with the Special Rapporteur on human rights obligations related to the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes of the United Nations United (UN), presented to the Human Rights Council of said international entity, in the framework of its session No. 34, the annual report on the right to adequate food in relation to pesticides.
The Report focused on the impact of pesticides on the food production process, and its conclusions are conclusive and makes it clear that the agribusiness model does not have legal support in international documents by unprotecting human beings and the environment.
In Argentina, more than 400 million liters of pesticides are used in the agri-food process per year and the situation in our country regarding the use of these and genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in said process is serious and requires that the State take urgent measures to guarantee the human rights to health, drinking water, adequate food and a healthy environment.
Exposure of the population to pesticides occurs directly, through fumigations in the vicinity of houses and rural schools, and indirectly, through the consumption of food with pesticide residues and derivatives of GMOs.
For this reason, the Report of the Rapporteurship on the Right to Food of the UN, is an endorsement of the claims of hundreds of organizations and assemblies of fumigated peoples and the incipient food enterprises free of pesticides that in Argentina demand under the cry: Stop to Fumigate! It can be produced without pesticides!
These spaces today add to that claim - which has been going on for years - an action to urge in their cities or communes a definitive change - with the immeasurable support of an international organization - of the current productive model imposed by agribusiness.
The report gives precise definitions on the implications and benefits of a food production process based on the principles of Agroecology that need to be disseminated and reproduced.
DEFINITIONS ON THE BENEFICIAL IMPLICATIONS OF AGROEOLOGY MADE IN THE 2017 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE UN SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR FOR THE RIGHT TO FOOD. (MARCH 2017)
Agroecology, considered by many to be the basis for sustainable agriculture, replaces chemicals with biological products. It is the integrative study of the ecology of all food systems, encompassing ecological, economic and social dimensions.
It promotes agricultural practices that are adapted to local environments and stimulate biological interactions between different plants and species to build long-term fertility and soil health.
In organic farming, crops are protected from damage caused by biodiversity and encourages the presence of natural enemies of pests. Examples include the development of habitats around farms to support natural enemies and other beneficial wild animals or the application of functional agrobiodiversity, using scientific strategies to increase natural enemy populations.
Crop rotation and the use of cover crops also help protect the soil from various pathogens, suppress weeds, and increase organic content, while more resistant crop varieties can help prevent plant diseases.
Measuring the success of agroecology compared to industrial agriculture requires more research. Studies using short time frames and the yields of individual crops underestimate the potential long-term productivity of agroecological systems.
Comparative studies are increasingly showing that diversified systems are advantageous and even more profitable when looking at total results, rather than specific crop yields.
With the goal of building balanced and sustainable agroecological ecosystems, agroecology is more likely to produce consistent long-term yields due to its greater ability to withstand climatic variations and naturally resist pests.
The success of agroecology must be calculated in terms other than economic profitability and take into account the costs of pesticides to human health, the economy and the environment. Agroecology prevents direct exposure to toxic pesticides and helps improve the quality of air, soil, surface water, and groundwater. Agroecology, which requires less energy, can also help mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and providing carbon sinks.
We have reached a turning point in agriculture. The current dominant agricultural model is highly problematic, not only the damage caused by pesticides, but also their effects on climate change, biodiversity and the inability to guarantee food sovereignty.
In this auspicious framework, the proposal for this campaign is more than timely and hopeful.
Other important laws and regulations that make up the normative block for the promotion of agroecological practices that can be considered for a more concrete and specific elaboration.
- Law for the Promotion of Agroecological Production (Misiones)
- Law 22428 for the Promotion of Soil Conservation
- Law 27718 Declare of public interest Family, Peasant and Indigenous Agriculture
- Law 27233. Declaration of national interest on the Safety and quality of Agri-food.
- Law for the Promotion of Agroecological and Organic Production (Republic of Nicaragua)
- Draft Law on Urban Agroecology (City of Buenos Aires)
- Organic Law on Agrobiodiversity, Seeds and Agroecological Promotion (Ecuador)
- Draft Law of the National Plan for the promotion of production with agroecological bases (Uruguay)
Agroecology in Argentina: Legal Framework
On the occasion of the international appeal made by the UN Special Rapporteur for the Right to Food for its annual Report, a report "Agrotoxics, Health & Food Risk Assessment in Argentina" was made and presented from Argentina, in which account - in addition to the serious situation that agribusiness has caused in health, the environment and biodiversity - of the current legal framework of Agroecology in our country, which we reproduce. It is noted that many of the points proposed in the Argentine report today are reflected in said Report.
In Argentina there is no national law or program or plan to reduce the use of pesticides in agri-food production, nor is there a regulation or program that encourages agroecology or ecological methods of control of biological components at the national level, except at the provincial level and some municipalities.
Indeed, auspiciously at the end of 2014, the Province of Misiones, has enacted a law that considers the productive order of each region and whose purpose is to promote the development of agro-ecological production systems in the Province, through the regulation, promotion and promotion of activities, practices, production processes, commercialization and consumption of healthy foods with environmental, economic, social and cultural sustainability.
Agroecological production is understood by law as the set of agricultural practices based on the design, development and management of sustainable agricultural systems and appropriate technologies, respecting the natural and social diversity of local ecosystems, the diversification of crops and the revaluation of traditional practices, without the use of chemical inputs.
Also at the Municipal level, we find measures that promote the implementation of agro-ecological practices, such as the cases of the Municipalities of Guamini, Province of Buenos Aires, and Gualeguaychu in Entre Ríos.
However, we can mention two very recent laws passed by the National Congress that pave the way for a healthy food production with environmentally friendly practices.
One of the laws, within the framework of family, peasant and indigenous agriculture, recognizes the need to promote the conservation and improvement of soils and other natural resources under the implementation of active policies that prioritize agroecological practices.
The other law declares of national interest the safety and quality of agri-foods, specific agricultural inputs and the control of chemical residues and chemical and microbiological contaminants in food, establishing that the national regulations by which it is implemented are of public order. o regulates the development of actions aimed at the protection of species of plant origin, and the hygienic-sanitary condition of food of agricultural origin.
Below we conceptually detail each of these two laws.
Law 27,118 on Historical Reparation of Family Farming
This law declares family, peasant and indigenous agriculture of public interest for its contribution to the people's food security and sovereignty, for practicing and promoting life and production systems that preserve biodiversity and sustainable processes of productive transformation.
Among some of its objectives, it is established to promote integral human development, social and economic well-being of producers, their communities, field workers and, in general, rural agents, through diversification and generation of employment in rural areas, as well as increased income, in diversity and harmony with nature to achieve good living.
Regarding the specific issue that concerns us, it sets as goals the need to contribute to the sovereignty and food security of the nation through the promotion of agricultural production, valuing family agriculture in all its diversity, as a priority subject of public policies that are implemented in the different spheres of the national Executive Power and explicitly recognizing the life and productive practices of the native communities.
On this basis, the actions and programs established will be aimed at increasing productivity and competitiveness in rural areas in order to strengthen employment, raise the income of family farmers, generate favorable conditions to expand markets, increase natural capital for production and the constitution and consolidation of rural enterprises.
For this, they must promote the conservation and improvement of soils and other natural resources. Instrumenting for this purpose active and participatory policies, with sustainable methods, that prioritize agroecological practices in order to preserve, recover and / or improve the conditions of the land, especially the productive one.
Law 27233. Declaration of national interest of the Safety and quality of Agro-food
The health of animals and plants is declared of national interest, as well as the prevention, control and eradication of diseases and pests that affect national silvo-agricultural and livestock production, flora and fauna, the quality of raw materials. product of silvo-agricultural, livestock and fishing activities, as well as the production, safety and quality of agri-food, specific agricultural inputs and the control of chemical residues and chemical and microbiological contaminants in food and national trade and international of said products and by-products.
The sanitary and phytosanitary measures defined in the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures of the World Trade Organization (WTO), approved by law 24,425, are included in the scope of this law.
This declaration covers all stages of primary production, processing, transformation, transportation, marketing and consumption of agri-food and the control of inputs and products of agricultural origin that enter the country, as well as the productions of family or artisanal agriculture with destination to commercialization, subject to the jurisdiction of the national health authority.
Likewise, the national norms by which the development of actions destined to preserve animal health and the protection of species of plant origin, and the hygienic-sanitary condition of food of agricultural origin with the scope established in the previous article.
It is established that it will be the primary and unavoidable responsibility of any natural or legal person linked to the production, obtaining or industrialization of products, by-products and derivatives of silvo-agricultural and fishing origin, whose activity is subject to the control of the enforcement authority of this law, to ensure and respond for the health, safety, hygiene and quality of its production, in accordance with current regulations and those established in the future. This responsibility extends to those who produce, elaborate, fraction, conserve, deposit, concentrate, transport, commercialize, sell, import or export animals, vegetables, food, raw materials, food additives, reproductive material, animal feed and their raw materials, fishery products and other products of animal and / or plant origin that act individually, jointly or successively, in the agri-food chain.
Nature of Rights