While vegetable gardens in cities of industrialized countries are practiced almost as a hobby, in developing countries lhe urban agriculture arises out of necessity. In total there are 800 million people involved in urban and peri-urban agriculture.
At the head of the green cities is Havana, whose inhabitants, accustomed to dealing with scarcity and sharpening their ingenuity after the economic crisis produced by the fall of the Soviet Union, began to sow products in any available space.
Today, Urban agriculture is a national priority and in the capital, 90,000 people are dedicated to cultivating home gardens or even raising goats in municipal parks. In 2013, this activity produced 6,700 tons of food for 300,000 people in schools, health centers and hospitals.
Another metropolis that promotes sustainable agriculture in its urban environment is the gigantic capital of Mexico, the DF. The Huerto Romita, in the heart of the city, is dedicated to the cultivation of organic vegetables and the municipal government tries to promote the “green roofs”.
You also have toMention Tegucigalpa (1.2 million inhabitants), the capital of Honduras, which is among the most disadvantaged countries in the world, with one of the highest rates of urban poverty in Latin America.Almost half of the urban area of Tegucigalpa is made up of precarious housing settlements.
In 2009, four of these neighborhoods were chosen for a pioneering project to create family gardens in the patios. This has allowed families to improve nutrition and save on food costs thanks to the abundant harvests of radish, coriander, lettuce and cucumber. Other cities mentioned in the study are Managua (Nicaragua), Quito (Ecuador), Lima (Peru) or Rosario, in Argentina.