Although several years have passed since the Cold War, the tests carried out by the United States in the Marshall Islands, maintain high levels of radiation that make them uninhabitable.
Between 1946 and 1958 scientists carried out 67 nuclear explosion tests in Bikini and Enewetak Atolls in the Marshall Islands of the Pacific Ocean. Currently, research from Columbia University shows that radiation levels are much higher than those found around the Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accident sites.
To carry out these atomic tests, the United States forcibly evicted the residents of both atolls, after seeing the consequences of the experiment, they had to evacuate nearby sites.
The idea was that after the tests, the area would be cleaned so that people could return to their homes ... but this was not the case.
Today, much of the Marshall Islands remains uninhabitable as a result of these nuclear tests, and it is not immediately clear when Marshall residents will be able to return to their ancestral homes.
The same group of researchers also carried out two more tests, one that involved measuring radiation levels in the fruits of the trees in the affected areas, finding them unfit for human consumption.
The other studied Castle Bravo crater, the most powerful nuclear test ever conducted by the United States, which took place on March 1, 1954. Today contamination levels from long-lived residual radioactive isotopes, such as plutonium and americium, will likely last for centuries. From this explosion, traces of radioactive waste were detected as far as Japan, India, Australia, Europe and even the United States.
With information from: