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Between the Home Economy and Disruptive Technologies

Between the Home Economy and Disruptive Technologies

It is my belief that these days we are experiencing a conceptual cataclysm on this planet full of asymmetries and inequities, situations that are more evident in the metropolises of the Third World, in one of which this fragment of my vital parable runs.

He emphasized, in the conceptual cataclysm, because the dimension that is most compelling to me is the availability of information that previous crew members of the Earth ship did not have. This current and growing availability of data is the result of a long previous process of several centuries, which has been generated from the epicenters of the so-called "Euro-American" culture.

The cataloged Information and Communication Technologies, emblematized by the Internet, in some way, are the vehicles of this growing and almost unmanageable accumulation of information, which challenge restless spirits to an incessant intellectual adventure.

It seems that everything is being redefined and paradoxically in these redefinitions, worth the redundancy, they are rediscovering definitions that are known to have been formulated by other people in very long past times. This is related to what: "modern research confirms the classics."

It is not surprising that every discovery is characterized by the provisional nature of the pioneer. For as soon as someone is attributed the first in the enunciation of a concept, other evidence appears that this had already been formulated by someone previously.

And since we are finite entities, the time available - our most valuable asset - does not allow us to gain knowledge of everything that the human saga has produced in our respective areas of interest.

When accessing certain content, usually in digitized format, it has been very frequent for me to think "But if this was already said by so and so ...", and I find an explanation for these quasi-daily discoveries in the temporary impossibility of individually accessing all that source of concepts at our disposal.

The powerful synergy that is generated from Tics paraphernalia, emerging from almost unimaginable information processing speeds; of huge volumes of information stored in small areas and at low cost; of information that flows at speeds close to the speed of light through wide channels of circulation capable of transporting these enormous stored volumes; it is inducing a peculiar conceptualization task. The need to create new names for new ideas becomes clear.

Thus, we are very happy that at least temporarily the parameter of this time is called the Knowledge and Information Society. Hence, the notion of "knowledge management" has emerged, which understands that the most important asset is the knowledge that each person possesses. And so other notions are emerging, from which I take that of "glocalization", which has been translated as "think globally and act locally".

I clarify that I use this neologism, as a mere working hypothesis, without yet ascribing to the undeniable philosophy that it implies.

Before using glocalisation to leverage my development, I want to point out that this maremagnum of notions also generates new definitions of the term "knowledge". Thus, someone maintains that: "a person's knowledge is the set of probability distributions that reflect his vision of the world and allow him to orient himself in it", while another person has stated: "Knowledge is information, combined with experience, context, reflection and interpretation ".

So, glocalization has to do with my way of approaching this time, which, how could it be otherwise, I have been doing it from my very personal concerns.

Hence the title of this development: "Between the Home Economy and disruptive technologies."

In my recent developments I have adopted as assumptions a concept of Emerson that Agustín Alvarez cites in his book "The transformation of the Races in America", whose first edition is from 1908 and which reads: "We can only see outside what we have inside." Apothegm very close to those that were later postulated from anthropic theory such as: "The universe itself does not exist, regardless of the observer" or: "Reality is defined based on the questions we ask ourselves".

Also in these times from the holistic perspectives the: "Everything is connected with everything" is stated, which reiterates that: "Everything is in everything and is projected in everything" by the presocratic Anaximander, who would later be adopted by Nicolás de Cusa.

From quantum physics, projected to the aesthetic field, it seems like something new, to read that: Everything that exists, pre-exists, subsists and coexists ", although already in 1942, the Argentine Alberto Rouges in his" Hierarchies of being and eternity ", In knowledge of De Broglie's thesis, he synthesized: "In our spiritual events, the past and the future are born and grow together. They coexist and interpenetrate each other. "That is to say that when Kosko in the nineties argued that a thing can be and cannot be simultaneously, he was not providing any conceptual novelty, but rather amplifying by means of previously non-existent old fruits of human creation, which one can suspect they may have originated almost simultaneously, in people facing extreme situations, which, as Jaspers argued, are "the origin of philosophizing", and whoever says they philosophize is saying to think. Thinking in agony, which is when it seems best is created ...

For the immediately preceding paragraphs, it is made me that each one approaches the world from the worldview that he has embodied - "The Philosophy of a man, is reflected, in what he sees" (Homans) / "In this traitorous World / Nothing is truth or lie / Everything is according to the color of the glass with which it is viewed "(Lope de Vega) - then, I try to make an approach with deliberate communication purposes, from topics that reflect my interests: The appropriate or appropriate technologies, and the high technology.

When the notion of adequate or appropriate technology appeared in the eighties, it was "rediscovering", in my view, a notion that at least had its trajectory in my life environment, which is Argentina, and I mean the notion of Home Economics ". As I have perceived that some give the term" appropriate "in Spanish, another meaning, I would prefer to circumscribe my field to that of Home Economics. A limitation that is also urged by the growing situations of deficiencies in my immediate environment, which deserves answers simple, practical, because since they did not listen to the responsible levels, the warnings that were made at the beginning of the eighties, that the most serious problem of humanity was constituted by the metropolitan poverty of the Third world; Well, now there is something about "who He has no head to foresee, he has to have backs to endure ".

As I believe that each communication must have elements of understanding, for those who do not know my previous developments on the matter, when I say "Home Economics", I am alluding to practices of family self-production for family self-consumption, with some complementary barter activity, which understand but not exhaustively: Food production and preservation; manufacture and repair of clothing and footwear and childcare practices, preventive health and first aid. A broad conception of the domestic economy would frame these productive activities with the activities of first-degree public good entities (that is, "face to face", such as social and sports clubs; cooperative cooperatives and mutuals, cult organizations, as well as related entities). It seems that these activities would have to be complemented or connected with the respective municipal authorities and the basic educational establishments and media.

But our academic interests are not exhausted in the Home Economics are projected to the sophisticated technological developments. I'm not dazzled by technology but it does keep my curiosity aroused.

Surely, because the adage: "In medium veritas" is part of my evaluative paradigm, more eclectic than the "The measure before everything", which in Argentina, Perón popularized in the seventies as "Everything in its measure and harmoniously", is that I seek to build some kind of conceptual bridge between the Home Economy and what lately have been called "disruptive technologies".

In my developments, I use and even abuse the notion of range, spectrum or rainbow. A notion that I find fruitful, when it comes to more comprehensive analysis, that does not fall into quasi-Manichean appreciations: The notion of range, spectrum, rainbows, makes the existence in human attitudes of diffuse and changing limits. In spectral analysis or rainbow viewing, it is difficult to distinguish where something begins and where other things end and begin. Something obviously related to that "everything is interconnected", mentioned above.

The aspiration aims to outline conceptual bridges between the notion of domestic economy and that of disruptive technologies.

From what has been manifested throughout this development, it goes without saying that I address the question of disruptive technologies, limited by those technological devices, which arouse my curiosity with practical sense. In advance I recognize that from another scale of academic interests, other approaches could be made to concrete manifestations of this type of sophisticated technologies, which we would like to see applied to the satisfaction of the huge unsatisfied needs that are multiplying everywhere.

As well as "knowledge management", the notion of "disruptive technology" is a recent addition to the glossary of the times that we have to experience. It was preceded by the notion of "high tech", but I think it exceeds it.

This refers to those technological developments that, when brought into everyday life, entail changes of great magnitude and multiple consequences, many of them involving a considerable degree of trauma.

Napoleon already said that the examples usually clarify it, everything and I believe that by providing information on some disruptive technology, you can make the notion to which I am referring more understandable.

I have come to my encounter with ICTs, already a decade ago with a wealth of knowledge and experiences in the field of transport. Perhaps that is why the transfer of transport to these communication tools was more friendly.

As early as the seventies, my curiosity aroused the proposal made by the French ecologist Brice Lalonde about the reuse of airship technology, as a response to the fuel crisis and the environmental problem, consecrated as universal with the 1972 Stockholm Conference Since then I began to follow the subject, and that is how I came across the documentation of the Airship Association, a pioneer entity in the dissemination of the technology to which I have belonged between 1988 and the current year. The appearance of the Web increased the volume of information that it had been accumulating. More than a while now, and transcending the design boards, where the possibilities of this technology of "the lighter than air" were well known, projects began to materialize, with ostensible business supports, that when they begin to enter in the market, they will produce a "before and after", both in transport and in communications. Perhaps of greater magnitude, of which they produced: the printing of movable type of Gutemberg; the conjunction steam railway - telegraph, or the irruption (so traumatic in South America, with respect to the railroad and maritime - river cabotage navigation) of the automotive complex - paved road.
It involves the incorporation of the technology of geostationary telecommunications airships and hybrid cargo airships.

I consider it convenient to briefly transcribe some technical canon that serves as a parameter. An H.P drags 150 kilograms on the paved road; 450 kilograms on a railroad track and 4,000 (four thousand) kilograms on water. This means that a "lighter than air", that is, it floats in the air and therefore equates to the canon of water transport. The quantitative leap is based on the fact that an airship transforms any place into a "port" with all the economic advantages that this entails (no use of intermediate ports, savings in dredging, no use of land communication routes, no paving airports, and so on). The possibilities that arise from imagining the joint operation of airships with a load capacity of 1,000 (thousand) tons, at one hundred and fifty kilometers per hour of cruising speed, distributing in a radius of up to 3,000 kilometers, the containers that a ship can load or unload type "post Panamax", from a deep water port (for example Rio Grande in southern Brazil) or even from an anchorage near a coast, are an example of disruptive technology.

The other variant of the airships, which I also see as disruptive is the stratospheric geostationary telecommunications airships.

Until a few years ago, it was considered that communications satellites were what is now known as "the state of the art in the matter." In some way, artificial satellites, like later the Internet, would be responses that emerged from the course of the "Cold War". Putting a satellite into orbit, however, was very expensive. For this reason, alternative solutions continued to be sought and thus the "low-orbit satellites" were reached. But the search did not end, and the geostationary stratospheric communications airships were reached. Perhaps the origin was simpler than previously thought. Between the 80s and the 90s, a new generation of airships appeared, whose immediate use was advertising, since its cylindrical balloon was an excellent poster, which could even be illuminated. This has already been seen by many people on television. But in Germany, someone came up with it, to leave it still over a city to make an excellent antenna for a FM radio. Well, that's the rudiment of a communications blimp. In the stratosphere, about 25 kilometers from Earth, an airship accompanies the rotation of the same. In other words, it remains still in relation to the launch point. In this way, it fulfills the same role as geostationary satellites at a ridiculous cost in relation to them. Another clear example of technological disruption, without prejudice to some developments, which are on the board and seem like science fiction.

For a further illustration of this disruptive technology, I suggest visiting the following link in English:

Of recent appearance in the market, in reality almost coinciding with the diffusion of the same concept of disruptive technology, is the Wi Fi technology or 802.11. This refers to the technical possibility of transmitting large volumes of information using the radio spectrum. As in the case of the advertising blimps used by a FM station as an antenna, the WI FI is an extension of the already expanded cell phone technology. And it implies the same. That no wiring is used, with the multiple effects that are to be imagined. The device was completed around 1997 by the EEEI, which is the entity of North American electronic engineers, which is the one that elaborates the standards that will later be applied to the industry. The technology of "wireless fidelity" is identified with the 802. 11 standard. It is worth remembering that it was the development of the TCP / IP standard that gave intellectual support to the implementation of the Internet. For the purposes of disclosure, I believe what is stated here is sufficient.

To drink in the source of dissemination of Wi Fi Technology, we suggest visiting the site in English:

I could synthesize that a vehicle that dispenses with almost all existing infrastructures, to carry large volumes of cargo at high speed and low cost and an ingenuity that transports huge amounts of communication at the speed of light, regardless of transmission lines, is sufficient To understand that it can be a disruptive technology, it is not difficult either to imagine that shortly after Wi Fi technology is developed, it will overlap with stratospheric geostationary communications airships.

More I must remember that at the other pole of the range is the Home Economy. And back to the concept of glocalisation. I believe that just as disruptive technologies are closer to the global, the Domestic Economy is more functional to the local. From there I conclude that the word "glocalization", used creatively, can build bridges between the domestic economy and disruptive technologies, because the Home Economy is represented as very close to the daily and basic needs of the great majority and as a representation level Disruptive technologies appear to us as something distant from those majorities, lacking in addition.

I want to be clearer. From a pluralistic perspective, there is no single meaning for the global, not a single one for the local. Although in the case of disruptive technologies, it could be assumed that they harbor the assumptions of Euro-American culture, while in the sphere of the domestic economy, which is worth remembering, it houses what is known as adequate or appropriate technologies, there is room for the respective geocultures. or idiosyncrasies of the personalities or groups that process their daily life through concrete and localized subsistence practices and multiple cultural activities.

I therefore think it is valid to propose hypotheses of bridges between domestic economies and disruptive technologies. And when I talk about bridges, I give my adverse value judgment to "single" or one-way bridges.

In the conception and implementation of these bridges, a constant and a linked variable should not be overlooked: the struggle for pre-eminence or politics and "vested interests."

The activities of people at all times and in all places, take place in a framework of struggles for preeminence or for power, whose protagonism is in charge of people who have a political vocation or a vocation for power, but whose consequences reach all the people where that struggle for preeminence takes place. This concept of struggle for preeminence belongs to the Italian Gaetano Mosca, and was accompanied by two other concepts: that of "political formula" and that of "political class." The political class is made up of people with a vocation for power and the "formula" is the ideological and / or moral justification that the members of that political class make their activity. It is obvious that the struggle for pre-eminence becomes even more intense when the "political formula", which could well be assimilated to ideological paradigms, are very antagonistic between the participating groups. That would seem to be the tone of the most notorious struggles for preeminence. Although it is possible to distinguish and in this no longer following Mosca, but the Argentine Saúl Taborda, that there is a preeminence struggle characterized by deliberation, which is what he classified as democratic and the struggle for preeminence characterized by NO deliberation, which was the one that characterizes despotic regimes.

That is the constant that frames the arc we are analyzing. The variable would be what Jacinto Benavente described as "vested interests." In other words, the notion of disruption supposes the idea of ​​abrupt and traumatic replacement of pre-existing technologies. These pre-existing technologies, to be inserted in their respective spheres, temporary spaces have been embodied in people in charge of managing them. Their deployment has generated a plexus of human reactions that include not only interests but also affections, it has engendered organizations and all this has resulted in bureaucratic attitudes, which will obviously lose the positions they have won, which they will surely consider legitimate or at least create the sensation loss of them. These attitudes can be refractory to the fact that a new technology or scheme can benefit more people than those allegedly benefiting the technology at risk of being "disrupted."

One of the conclusions I read about the Segovia Colloquium on "decentralization" comes to mind, which took place in 1984.
There, someone exposed that one of the obstacles presented by any attempt at decentralization or deconcentration, viewed as a development tool, were the situations of power and / or privilege, created in the places to benefit from decentralization. The people who occupied the pre-existing privileged situations were more concerned with the loss of their respective "status quo" than with the emerging advantages of the new state of affairs. This is the question of "vested interests", which Jacinto Benavente paints so didactically in the play that bears that title.

Bringing a notion from the Law, glocalization is far from being a peaceful notion, it is subject to a struggle for pre-eminence by highly antagonistic political formulas: There are different and disparate conceptions of the global, as well as disparate conceptions of the local.

There is a site on the Net (http://www.popexpo.net/english.html), whose title is 6 billion Human Beings. In it the number of crew members of Planet Earth is permanently updated. By these hours there are around 6.3 billion souls.

I am of the position that this figure should be taken into account when considering questions about how to articulate tools such as the Home Economy and disruptive technologies in order to raise the quality of life of people, particularly those who are in situations of deprivation .
As we pointed out above, already in the eighties, poverty in the metropolises of the Third World had been identified as a problem of humanity.
At the United Nations Millennium Summit, a Document entitled "We the Peoples" was prepared, which outlines the agenda of the issues to be addressed. Prolegomena of that document was the Comuniké de Okinawa, of the G-8, where strategies were also outlined that to a large extent would be taken up by the UN document.

Taking as a parameter, even for critical positions, those documents that give consolidated versions of the global, I believe that with free organization of the community, stockpiling of gray matter, intensive use of intelligence, it is feasible and desirable to deploy from domestic economies, inserted in their respective geocultures, bridges with disruptive technologies, of which we have only outlined here those that we know best, to contribute to what I believe has to be the supreme purpose of our efforts: A prosperous and dignified coexistence aboard the Earth Ship.


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