The people of Mexico migrating and Fox lying

The people of Mexico migrating and Fox lying

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By Christof Kössler

What happened in Vienna between May 10 and 13, when Austria was the host of the Fourth European Union - Latin America and the Caribbean Summit: “There is no violence, there is no economic crisis in Mexico, continue with your investments in our country ”-Vicente Fox


Between May 10 and 13, 2006, Austria hosted the Fourth European Union - Latin America and the Caribbean Summit. As is often the case during these top meetings, international civil society organized its own space: “Enlazando Alternativas II”. Mexican President Vicente Fox took advantage of his stay to make an official visit to Austria. The two main themes of these events were economic policies and the situation of human rights in Latin America and the Caribbean, and there were highly polarized positions. Vicente Fox insisted that there is no violence or economic crisis and in Mexico investments still generate interesting returns for investors.


Between May 10 and 13, 2006 Austria welcomed Latin America, the Caribbean and the European Union, where two major events were organized. At the social summit “Enlazando Alternativas II” ( representatives of NGOs and grassroots movements came together to seek answers to the neoliberal order, according to Leo Gabriel, head of the organization of forum 1. Hundreds of organizations and networks of different types - social movements, trade unions, church groups, environmentalists, human rights defenders exchanged experiences and searched together for alternatives to corporate globalization.

Linking Alternatives II

Enlazando Alternativas II was organized along several axes. One was the "Permanent People's Court", where neoliberal policies and European transnational corporations in Latin America were denounced. According to the final declaration of the forum, transnational corporations systematically promote the creation of laws that protect them, while encouraging international organizations such as the WTO, the World Bank and the IMF to facilitate their penetration into new markets and guarantee your earnings. The German professor Elmar Altvater of the Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin), participant in the court explains his role: The permanent people's court wants to give a voice to users, consumers, workers, indigenous peoples, farmers and the public in general to denounce violations of their human rights, that is, political, economic, social, cultural. 2

Thus, the greatest achievement of "Enlazando Alternativas II" has been to highlight the convergence of analysis and actions against neoliberal policies and the governments that promote them. Women and men of the movements and organizations commit to continue articulating initiatives to, together, create the conditions for a more just and supportive world through the following five key points:

1. No to the free trade agreements of the European Union with Latin America and the Caribbean. No to this European “FTAA”, and the creation of security and military clauses to defend the interests of capital.

2. No to the deepening of free trade agreements with Mexico and Chile and the conclusion of free trade agreements with Central America, the Andean Region, and MERCOSUR.

3. Yes to the abolition of the external debt of Latin America and the Caribbean with the countries of the European Union and to the recognition of the historical debt contracted. We don't owe, we don't pay! We are not debtors, we are creditors!

4. No to the European Constitution Treaty, No to the repression of migrants, No to “Fortress Europe”, No to the Bolkestein Directive, and to the privatization of public services in the European Union.

5. To strengthen the unity and towards a bi-regional confluence of the social movements of both continents to reach another possible world, just, equitable, anti-patriarchal and in peace with the planet 3

Fourth European Union - Latin America and Caribbean Summit

At the official summit (Fourth European Union - Latin America and Caribbean Summit), of the 25 countries of the EU (plus the countries of next accession Bulgaria and Romania) and of 33 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, the Heads of State and of government met to promote their agenda. One of the key themes of the official summit was greater economic integration between the EU and the countries south of the US Representatives of the 60 countries underlined “the importance of a bi-regional strategy for the negotiation of Agreements of Association that include free trade areas ”4. There was no progress in the negotiations between the European Union and different Latin American and Caribbean regions, much less the beginning of “negotiations regarding an association agreement between the EU and Central America, including the creation of a free trade area”. In any case, the EU is seeking bilateral agreements with the Andean Community (CAN), the Caribbean (CARIFORUM) and Mercosur.

Citing the final declaration of the fourth European Union - Latin America and Caribbean summit, regional integration is a key element for stability, economic growth and investment, as well as for strengthening the weight of both regions on the world stage. In this context, the Heads of Government and State strongly encourage and support the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to continue with their respective regional integration processes.

They also urge financial institutions in Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean to support physical integration through interconnectivity and the creation of network infrastructures, especially in the fields of energy, transport, telecommunications and investigation. Promoting interconnectivity is an integral part of effective regional integration.

The support of the European Investment Bank to the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean is welcomed.

The democratic transition according to Vicente Fox in Vienna

Taking advantage of the EU-LAC summit, and on an official visit, Fox met with various representatives of the Austrian political and economic world, including Austrian President Heinz Fischer and Austrian Prime Minister Wolfgang Schüssel. He also spoke at the Diplomatic Academy in Vienna, behind closed doors, before an audience of 100 people, where he analyzed the supposed successes of his six-year term under the title "2000-2006: The Mexican democratic transition and its foreign relations."

At this conference, Fox highlighted the "successes" of his government, highlighting the issues of Economy, Human Rights, Social Policy and Foreign Policy. The author of this bulletin had the chance to participate in this meeting closed to the general public and addressed the Mexican president with 2 questions. Here are some statements by Fox in front of a mixed audience with members of the Mexican delegation, the Mexican embassy, ​​the Austrian government and the Austrian academic world.

About Economy:

Fox presented a stable and growing Mexican economy. His government continues to be a strict promoter of the open market economy, as confirmed by the 43 FTAs. Thanks to the open economy, living conditions in the poorest states (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Veracruz) have improved and today indigenous peoples have access to resources and their standard of living has improved.

Mexican macroeconomic indicators are very stable, p. ex. inflation and interest rates are lower than in the US Per capita income grew from $ 3,100 in 1985 to $ 8,400 in 2005, and according to Fox, his government has created new jobs and real wages are on the rise. Today there are 60 Austrian companies working in Mexico.

The Puebla Panama Plan is a development project for the entire region between Puebla and Panama with a total budget of 10 billion dollars that was promoted by the Fox government and that will continue beyond its six-year term. According to Fox, it is important to continue promoting the construction of infrastructure in the energy sector (thermoelectric plants, gasification plants, the gas pipeline between Puebla and Panama). He also stressed the importance of the construction of ports, airports and highways because that creates new opportunities for people.

On Human Rights:

According to Fox, his election meant the expansion of democracy in Mexico. Always according to Fox, the free expression of opinion is already a fact and censorship does not exist. There is total respect for human rights, not only in political terms, but also in economic and social terms (food, resources, education). According to Fox, democracy means balance and his government believes in dialogue and rejects violence as a political tool.

About Social Policy:

Fox declared that there was a reduction in poverty of 30% during the first four years of his administration. It is not clear which categories he refers to. In 2006, six million students received scholarships, while Fox stresses that schools are free. The number of students increased 10% each year during his presidency. The "Oportunidades" program is a symbol of the appreciation of women in Mexico. 750,000 new houses were built in Mexico in 2006.

About Foreign Policy:

The EU and Mexico have the same position regarding the reform of the United Nations.

At the end of his hour-long address, President Fox invited the participants to ask questions. Below we reproduce the most interesting questions and answers:

(1) I would like to cite a report by Amnesty International 5 regarding the events in Texcoco / Atenco in the outskirts of Mexico City: last week 50 flower vendors protested in a local market against their forced relocation to a new site by local authorities. There were very violent clashes for several days, when 500 policemen, including federal troops, tried to expel the vendors using a luxury of violence that left a child dead, 50 people injured and also, confirmed by the American newspaper The New York Times, 6 seven women reported that they were raped by police officers and another 16 women, including 3 foreign women, were sexually abused by the police officers who detained them.

Question: Why did the Mexican government insist on a violent confrontation instead of entering into negotiations with the people of Texcoco / Atenco?

Fox: My government fully respects human rights. During this six-year term there was a transition towards democracy with the creation of human rights commissions (p. The National Human Rights Commission). There was violence in Atenco / Texcoco, but at any moment the three levels of government were open to dialogue: before, during and after the events, but the people of Texcoco refused to dialogue at all times. That is why we had to intervene so that people respected the law.

(2) Mr. Fox, according to the research section of the English magazine "The Economist" (Economist Intelligence Unit), the number of jobs created in Mexico during your presidency is close to 0 7. At the same time the number of migrants, especially to the US it reached almost half a million migrants per year.

Question: Do you agree that this increase in migration is the result of the failure of the economic policy of your six-year term?

Fox: In 2000 the growth of the economy was close to 0, but in the following years the Mexican government managed to create new jobs. This year we are going to create between 1 million and 1.5 million jobs. Migration is a great opportunity for Mexicans, it is the best option, in the US there is a strong demand for Mexican workers.

(3) Question: What are the comparative advantages between Mexico and China?

Fox: China and the other Asian countries are very strong competitors for the Mexican economy, because they have very low production costs, but look at you, the returns on investments 8 in Mexico are still more than interesting.

Author: Christof Kössler, Vienna, Austria. CIEPAC, Center for Economic Research and Community Action Policies, CHIAPAS; MEXICO, June 2006, 14.05.2006, 19:54 "Alternativen verknüpfen",, 14.05.2006, 19:54 "Alternativen verknüpfen",, "Final Declaration Linking Alternatives II", "Vienna Declaration", UA 122/06 ai-Index: AMR 41/024/2006 5. Mai 2006 - bs
6 The New York Times, 5/10/2006
7 Economist Intelligence Unit, at, Bulletin Chiapas up to date 427/2004
8 Return on investment

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  1. Bagul

    In my opinion, this is not true.

  2. Marcelino

    In confidence, I recommend that you search

  3. Akirn

    What if we look at this problem from a different perspective?

  4. Kazralkis

    I am sorry, that I interfere, there is an offer to go on other way.

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