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Humanity = Civil Society. An approach to its relationship with climate change

Humanity = Civil Society. An approach to its relationship with climate change

By Héctor Coronado

As long as the information remains as news, a report about something foreign, the problem will not only persist (for the simple fact that nothing is done globally, because the global is directed by the capitalist mode of production). It is necessary for civil society to assume itself as the recipient and beneficiary (public or private) of the goods and services that the State and the Companies provide as goods of the capitalist mode of production.


Introduction

When you think of categories like humanity, world population, human beings, etc. Are you thinking the same thing? but the matter does not end there when we find categories such as civil society or simply society, civilization. The answer is something that will not be resolved here, we have only outlined a set of categories that come to mind when you want to find a category that can encompass the class of people you want to analyze when you think about climate change by action of the man.

That class of subjects is the following: all living people on the planet at present. Those subjects are the ones that the attention of this work is directed to, because they are the people who are involved in the present reality. Today's world is the result of the lives of today's men.

But how can such a wide universe be included in a single category in which despite its notable differences (economic, political, cultural, geographical, etc.) the need to amalgamate it in order to work with it prevails. The need to do so is inscribed in what was just mentioned above:

1. the kind of people you want to analyze when you think about man-made climate change

+

2. all living people on the planet today

= Today's world is the result of the lives of today's men

It is important to be clear that the problem is global and multifactorial, and therefore responsibility must be global and multifactorial. The problem is that neither globally nor multi-disciplinary is something real being done about the real problem. If it were that way, it would be observed directly in the society of the individuals we want to study.

The men of today are the living humanity that must be reached (research and praxis), for this, I propose in this work the concept of civil society to amalgamate the men of today, the present humanity in which it is in their hands climate change. A main characteristic is civil society as users and recipients of the resources that governments and companies deliver in the form of goods and services.

Developing

What information do we need in order to understand the worrying episode in which we are entering the planet due to mainly human causes? Because serious and scientific information (which on the other hand is the one that circulates the least in the mass media) indicates not a local industrial-urban problem that impacts an isolated region, but a planetary one, because the dimensions of the model that it promotes and articulates the local, it is present in a global (not total) way, that is, the capitalist production system.

Before continuing, a clarification, this position is unmarked from political interpretations of the concept of mode of production, finding significance within a theoretical framework for social research.

I ask myself the above question after reading the information in the article presented in the AMBIENTE Y SOCIEDAD newsletter, weekly publication of year 10 No. 393, June 25, 2009 (1), in which the author announces us from the title “CO2 is approaching to the point of no return ”and at the beginning of his article:

"We have 90 months, 7 and a half years left to stabilize and reduce greenhouse gas concentrations" (2).

Because according to reports from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of North America (NOAA for its acronym in English) (3) and the Norwegian Polar Institute (4) (Norwegian Polar Institute) have reported that greenhouse gas levels have reached 394 ppm (parts per million) averaged from both centers as reported in the article, being then close to 450 ppm where warming will be uncontrollable even with the most radical changes by anyone.

Well, the information is there and the data is clear, although always approximate, due to the multiple factors that have to do with the problem, but still allow us to weigh possible scenarios and present us with medium-term dates that directly indicate us the probable consequences and the responsibility of the world population, indeed, of the human species, as users and recipients of the resources that governments and companies deliver (although the unfair and polarized way in which they do so is a separate issue). Although this does not justify either one or the other, only that their reason for being is at the very base of the problem: power and capital.

This sphere of the society / environment-environment relationship presents a dimension of the problem that, although more complex, more real, because we must see that the problem is there and governments and companies concerned rather with development and the market, would be antithetical to these institutions themselves, think of structural transformations which are what is required. Let's see the above in more detail:


According to the article we are analyzing, the main roots found as the main causes of CO2 generation are the following:

1. The Industrial revolution
2. The burning of fossil fuels (all derivatives of oil and coal)
3. Deforestation (due to multifactorial causes, population growth, areas of cultivation and grazing, etc.)
4. Other greenhouse gases such as methane (from the livestock industry), nitrous oxide (mainly from the agricultural industry) and chlorofluorocarbons.

Of the four main causes mentioned in Mario Cuéllar's work, we can observe that:

Civil society is at the base of the problem, being, on the other hand, the government, companies and the mode of production the background, to which the peoples (the form) have arrived and shaped in their historical development.

It is not a question of justifying either, but it is evident that there is no real interest by both in promoting the transformation of the way in which society relates to the environment (the mode of production). The thought of society is established in ideas about things based on the market, development, economy, vested interests, consumption, private property, the world of goods and the satisfaction of needs, (constantly growing ) etc. And not in: reduction of needs, education of behavior, daily life and sustainable consumption, family heritage based on eco-technological criteria and knowledge and bio-regional and non-polluting or degrading materials, ecological practices such as:

1. Research
2. Action
3. Reflection
4. Communication
5. Feedback-growth

We said that from "reduction of needs" to this line are things that are absent in thought and in the world of social facts: modern life, something that the observation of civil society shows us.

The civil sphere of the society / environment binomial is perhaps the one of greatest interest, because it is:

The set of beneficiaries and recipients of the resources transformed into goods and services (provided by work, the State and companies) who must become aware of the extreme destination that is approaching.

Recapping a bit. The article from which this reflection originates presents us with two things:

to. We have 90 months, 7 and a half years, to stabilize and reduce greenhouse gas concentrations.

b. Of the four main causes indicated in the work of Mario Cuéllar, we can observe that civil society is at the base of the problem, being, on the other hand, the government, companies and the mode of production the background, to which the peoples (the form) have arrived and shaped in their historical development.

In this way, having already dimensioned and related the problem between climate change and civil society, we return to the initial question: What information do we need to be able to understand the worrying episode in which we are entering the planet due to causes of mainly human origin.

And I allow myself to propose a possible answer, which arises from seeing that information exists but is not understood and is not understood because it has not been reflected, distributed and applied (transformed into facts). Then, the answer is: the truthful (scientific) information investigated, reflected and applied (transformation-re-evolution) by man: the individual members of civil society in a self-determined way.

It is necessary to promote broad and open reflection on what is happening to be able to generate a sensitivity to move towards change and present existing alternatives as well as to focus globally on the search for solutions.

Following the idea that our answer proposes, we consider that generation, reflection, distribution and transformation as large blocks, encompassing a whole set of institutions, processes and social systems in which the problem of climate change, the society / society binomial, is articulated. environment.

Generation, Reflection, Distribution-Transformation should mean Generating scientific information, Reflecting said information, Distribute the reflected information, simultaneously with action, These stages must be followed by the State, companies and civil society. Not an isolated sphere, but simultaneously. However, as we have seen, it is antithetical to the first two spheres because its current reason for being is the capitalist mode of production that is precisely the cause of climate change.

As long as the information remains as news, a report about something foreign, the problem will not only persist (for the simple fact that nothing is done globally, because the global is directed by the capitalist mode of production). It is necessary for civil society to assume itself as the recipient and beneficiary (public or private) of the goods and services that the State and the Companies provide as goods of the capitalist mode of production.

In effect, the problem already has a first and last name:

to. Of the four main causes mentioned in Mario Cuéllar's work, we can observe that civil society is at the base of the problem, being, on the other hand, the State, companies and the mode of production the background, to which the peoples (the form) have arrived and shaped in their historical development.

Hector Coronado - July 2009 - León, Guanajuato, Mexico.

References:

(1) https://www.ecoportal.net/content/view/full/86902

(2) http://www.onehundredmonths.org/

(3) http://www.noaa.gov/

(4) http://npweb.npolar.no/english

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