The issue of garbage in academic settings

The issue of garbage in academic settings

By Cristian Frers

The volume of urban solid waste in cities is reaching such levels that today, the problem of its elimination is seriously posed, since it constitutes one of the most serious and frequent forms of deterioration of the environment due to its effects on the environment. natural environment and on human health.

I participated as a press correspondent for the 2009 Congress of Environmental Sciences / COPIME, which took place between October 7 and 9, in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. This congress had as objectives:

• Create a space for technical-cultural exchange between students and professionals in environmental careers with diverse backgrounds in addressing the issue, in order to generate a discussion forum.

• Interacting the different educational aspects in environmental issues to disseminate the knowledge acquired in the management for the preservation, conservation, recovery and improvement of natural resources based on human health and the environment.

• Promote excellence in training and disseminate the research work of training centers.

• Present topics of interest to new professionals, related to professional or academic practice.

On the other hand, the thematic axes were based on:

- Biodiversity and management of natural resources.
- Environmental policy, legislation and planning.
- Environmental management instruments.
- Community, participation and environmental education.
- Technology and environmental engineering.
- Ecotoxicology and environmental chemistry.
- Alternative energies.

Among the topics discussed, they talked about: Social and technical aspects related to the classification, recovery and disposal of waste. The authors of this work are: Mónica López Sardi and others. The University through which the project is being carried out is the University of Palermo of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

The present work arises from the results obtained through an opinion survey carried out among the residents of the city of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires, which shows a marked lack of interest and ignorance about the management of urban waste. The objective of the work is to disseminate various aspects and social impacts related to the necessary implementation of an official system for the classification and recycling of waste. The final disposal in sanitary landfills is also analyzed.

This work was carried out through an observational, exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional study on a sample of 972 people of both sexes, over 18 years of age, residing in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires. The software used for data processing was Infostat v.2006p.1 and Microsoft Excel. The analysis of different factors that influence the recycling of urban waste and its final disposal in a sanitary landfill was carried out. Different bibliographic sources and various electronic information sources were used.

The following conclusions were reached. Infrastructure, logistics and, above all, information and education of the common citizen will be needed, appealing to their good will and civic conduct. The changes must go through the different circuits of the formal and informal waste economy and will surely affect the social factors that condition the existence of sectors of the population that, today, obtain their livelihood from garbage.

On the other hand, in the same congress, the work was made known: Solid waste management in the F.R.D. Whose authors are Romina Dente and Romina Petrollini. This project is carried out at the National Technological University.

The volume of urban solid waste in cities is reaching such levels that today, the problem of its elimination is seriously posed, since it constitutes one of the most serious and frequent forms of deterioration of the environment due to its effects on the environment. natural environment and on human health.

People pollute because this is the most economical way for them to solve a very common practical problem of disposing of waste products that remain after consumers have finished using something.

At the Delta Engineering Faculty, the situation of solid waste management has motivated the setting of small initiatives aimed at contributing to the solution of environmental problems.

That is why the decision arises to carry out through the faculty a pilot experience of the management of solid waste generated within it, promoting their efficient management and considering environmental hierarchies: reduction at source , recycling, transformation and final disposal.

This work focused on their separation and management, with the purpose of recovering waste for later recycling.

Parallel to this pilot experience, intense work was done on raising awareness in the university community, using various methods to achieve proper management. Evaluations of it were carried out through monthly comparisons. By virtue of the results, continuous improvements were proposed based on reaching the achievement expectations, that is, meeting the expectations in the results.

The experience and knowledge acquired during the development of this work allowed us to get closer to other institutions interested in the implementation of this project. In this way, we were able to contribute to the environmental education of other communities, and at the same time, promote the deserved respect for the environment.

To achieve these objectives, a separation was put into practice, according to a previous study, in the fractions: papers, plastics and ordinary; which were quantified over a period of six months. In order to achieve greater efficiency in the separation, various marketing techniques were implemented. The data obtained were analyzed weekly and monthly.

The results achieved have shown an efficiency of 83.75% based on the most favorable month.

As I understand the garbage problem, the three main protagonists in the environmental problem are the municipal, provincial and national governments, industries and the population, of which the first three show a total disinterest in alleviating the environmental impact.

The processes must be optimized, and the generated volumes of waste, recycling, the reuse of waste and the exchange of waste between factories must be minimized. There is no doubt that maintaining an environment that allows the population to provide a decent and healthy quality of life has a high cost, but the expense that this entails will always be less than the cost of endangering the environment and health of the community. population.

Cristian Frers - Senior Technician in Environmental Management and Senior Technician in Social Communication

Video: Biochemical Oxygen Demand BOD. Waste Water Engineering (May 2021).