TOPICS

The heart of the debate will be the reduction of greenhouse gases

The heart of the debate will be the reduction of greenhouse gases


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

By Change

In the next round of climate change negotiations, to be held in October in China, we will negotiate paragraph by paragraph to seek rapprochement between the different proposals that are now in the negotiating text. Bolivia proposes to stabilize the temperature increase by 1º C and affirms that the emission reductions of the developed countries have to be greater than 50% by 2017 within their own borders and without carbon markets that transfer their responsibility to the developing countries developmental.


Change interview with the Bolivian ambassador to the UN, Pablo Solón

After the 'battle' won before the UN on August 6, which allowed Bolivia to achieve the insertion of more than 13 points of the document prepared at the Tiquipaya Summit, the Bolivian ambassador to the UN, Pablo Solón, is preparing to defend the demand of the peoples in a preliminary meeting to that of Cancun in China. Before his trip he spoke with Cambio.

—After the inclusion of a large part of the conclusions of the World Conference of Peoples on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth (CMPCC), held in Tiquipaya-Cochabamba in April of this year, in the document that will be adjusted in China heading to Cancun, what does the horizon of the negotiations look like?

—In the next round of climate change negotiations, to be held in early October in China, we will enter into a paragraph-by-paragraph negotiation to seek rapprochement between the different proposals that are now in the negotiating text.

The heart of the negotiation is how much the developed countries are going to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in the coming years to limit the increase in temperature that we are experiencing throughout the planet.

—What are the proposals on the subject of reducing harmful gases?

—Developed countries say that the goal is to limit the increase in temperature to 2º C. Currently the increase in the global average temperature is 0.8º C compared to pre-industrial times. A large number of countries do not agree with this goal, which would triple the natural disasters that we already suffer. Many of our glaciers would disappear and several island countries would be under water.

But what makes the negotiation even more complicated is that the reduction offers from developed countries until 2020 would lead to an increase in temperature of more than 3º to 4º C, which would be catastrophic for life and Mother Earth. In other words, the emissions that developed countries are not even related to their goal of 2º C.

Bolivia proposes to stabilize the temperature increase by 1º C and affirms that the emission reductions of the developed countries have to be greater than 50% by 2017 within their own borders and without carbon markets that transfer their responsibility to the developing countries developmental.

Currently, the emission reductions posed by developed countries are between 13 and 18%, with the help of market mechanisms and a series of flexibilities that in reality mean that this reduction is no more than 2% taking as emissions greenhouse gases in 1990.

—How to achieve a satisfactory result in Cancun?

—The only way for the developed countries to increase their greenhouse gas reduction offers for Cancun is if there is great pressure from the peoples worldwide. Without this pressure, what can happen is that Cancun adopts a series of measures that are of interest to large companies and financial entities, such as new market mechanisms and the commodification and privatization of forests, but that the central issue of a reduction substantive emissions from developed countries be postponed to South Africa at the end of 2011, where the XVII Climate Change Conference will be held.

The World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth has contributed enormously to the construction of a great social movement on a global scale that demands real solutions to the issue of climate change.

What has happened to the other proposals of the Tiquipaya conference?

—The International Court of Climate Justice, the Rights of Mother Earth, the need to remove intellectual property obstacles for an effective transfer of Technology to developing countries, the need to financing equivalent to 6% of the Gross National Product of developed countries to address the problems of climate change, guarantee the rights of indigenous peoples, climate migrants and human rights in all measures to respond to climate change.

It is necessary to clarify that they have been included, but not yet agreed. That is the job we have from here to Cancun.

- Is it possible that Cancun will again seek to impose a document that was not agreed upon by the 192 countries, as was attempted in Copenhagen?

"Unfortunately that danger is latent." Some delegations are suggesting that a reduced group of representatives should develop a more summary proposal to be adopted in Cancun. In terms of effectiveness, there are those who seek to hijack the negotiation process of 192 countries so that only a few participate in the drafting of the final Cancun document. Bolivia and a large number of developing countries are vigilant to prevent a new coup attempt like the one they tried to do in Copenhagen.

—The arduous task of getting the UN to recognize the Tiquipaya agenda has been praised. What is the secret of the peoples' diplomacy to make their proposals visible?

—First, make the negotiation process understandable for non-negotiators. Second, collect the proposals that arise from the social movements and the peoples themselves. Third, build alliances with the largest number of countries to defend these proposals. And fourth, always appeal to the organization and mobilization of the peoples to defend these proposals.

—What are the prospects of getting the urgent creation of the Climate Justice Court taken into account?

—This is a crucial point, because currently the mechanisms for compliance with the commitments that exist in the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol are absolutely insufficient given the enormous consequences that non-compliance or non-compliance has for humanity as a whole. action by some developed country.

In general, developed countries do not support this initiative because they do not want to be judged for their non-compliance. Hence, it is necessary to promote a great articulation of the developing countries so that in Cancun it is agreed that it is necessary to start building this International Tribunal.


- What is the proposal for the world referendum on climate change that President Morales proposed during the Tiquipaya Summit?

—If the governments fail again in Cancun to reach an agreement that limits the increase in temperature, then our proposal is that the peoples of the world be consulted. We cannot continue to postpone a definition on this crucial issue for humanity.

That is why President Evo Morales has proposed that the people be asked about the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the rights of Mother Earth, the international climate justice court, financing and the need to change the capitalist system to save life and the planet. In Cancun, social movements are discussing holding a pilot referendum that will serve as a test for the 2011 plebiscite or global consultation.

- In what way can we Bolivians support the initiative to include the demands of the peoples in Cancun, expressed in Tiquipaya and now recognized in a previous document by the UN?

—Funding the proposals, promoting organization and awareness actions, accompanying and following the negotiations (see www.cmpcc.org), promoting alliances and articulations with other social movements in other countries. In short, actively participating in the construction of the World Movement of Peoples for Mother Earth, which was agreed in Tiquipaya.

"The only way for developed countries to increase their greenhouse gas reduction offers for Cancun is if there is great pressure from the people on a global scale."

Diary

UN-BONN. On August 6, Pablo Solón (in Bonn-Germany) managed to get the UN to incorporate more than 13 demands from the peoples.

CHINA. Tianjin, north of China, will be the new scenario in early October in which they will polish the text agreed in Bonn, heading to Cancun.

CANCÚN. The XVI Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP16) will be held from November 29 to December 10 in Cancun.

"Cancun will be a party if it meets the demands"

President Evo Morales believes that Cancun could end in a party for humanity if the negotiations to be held in China at the beginning of October fully ratify the inclusion of the main conclusions of the World People's Conference on Change Climate and the Rights of Mother Earth (CMPCC), held in Tiquipaya.

“If in the second round of negotiations, to be held in China next month, (our proposals) are taken into account and approved, I am convinced that Cancun will become a great celebration of governments and peoples, of peoples and governments. ”, He pointed out after learning that more than 13 proposals are now part of the negotiating text signed on August 6 by the 192 states that gathered in Bonn, Germany.

Pablo Solón, the Bolivian ambassador to the UN, explained that at the negotiating table in Bonn, Bolivia insisted on stabilizing the temperature increase at 1º C and demanding that the reductions in GHG emissions from developed countries must be higher than fifty%; until 2017 "within their own borders and without carbon markets, which transfer their responsibility to developing countries." He explained that today, "the emission reductions posed by developed countries are between 13 and 18%, with the help of market mechanisms and a series of flexibilities that in reality make that reduction not if not 2 %, taking into account the greenhouse gas emissions that existed in 1990 ”. During a press conference in New York, on August 11, Solón assured that China will seek to "reach consensus on most of the paragraphs, leaving the most substantive elements for the last 10 days of negotiation in Cancun."

The Bolivian Government, in turn, summoned the peoples and governments of the world to become aware to defend Mother Earth. President Evo Morales asked to "cool the planet" and assume responsibilities. This week, the Foreign Minister of Mexico, Patricia Espinoza, will arrive in the country to coordinate what will be the Cancun Summit, where between 15,000 and 20,000 participants are expected to attend.

Proposals included in Bonn

After intense negotiations, the main conclusions of the World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth (Cochabamba, April 2010) have been incorporated into the United Nations document on Climate Change, which has now been recognized as a negotiation text by the 192 States that met in Bonn, Germany, during the first week of August 2010. The most relevant points that have been incorporated for consideration in the next negotiation round prior to Cancun, to be held in China, are:

Reduction. The reduction by 50% of greenhouse gas emissions by developed countries for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol from 2013 to 2017.

Temperature. Stabilize the increase in temperature at 1º C and 300 parts per million of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Atmosphere. Guarantee an equitable distribution of the atmospheric space, taking into account the climatic debt of emissions of developed countries towards developing countries.

Human rights. Full respect for human rights and the inherent rights of indigenous peoples, women, children and migrants.

Peoples rights. Full recognition of the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Mother Earth. Recognition and defense of the rights of Mother Earth to achieve harmony with nature.

TJC. Guarantee the fulfillment of the commitments of the developed countries through the constitution of an International Court of Climate Justice.

Carbon. Rejection of the new carbon market mechanisms, which transfer responsibility for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from developed countries to developing countries.

Consumerism. Promotion of measures that change consumption patterns in developed countries.

Intellectual property. Adoption of the necessary measures in all relevant forums to exclude from the protection of intellectual property rights useful and ecologically sustainable technologies to mitigate climate change.

GDP contribution. Developed countries will allocate 6% of their gross national product for actions related to climate change.

Woods. Comprehensive management of the forest for mitigation and adaptation, without market mechanisms and guaranteeing the full participation of indigenous peoples and local communities.

Monocultures. Prohibition of the conversion of natural forests into plantations, since monoculture plantations are not forests, but the protection and conservation of natural forests must be encouraged.

Change (Newspaper of the Bolivian Plurinational State)


Video: Climate 101: Deforestation. National Geographic (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Cameron

    I know a site with answers to a theme interesting you.

  2. Bosworth

    Absolutely with you it agree. It is good idea. I support you.

  3. Goltirn

    I deleted that phrase

  4. Jerrett

    remarkably, very funny opinion

  5. Nodin

    Sorry that I am interrupting you, but I propose to go a different way.



Write a message