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Biodiversity, key in the fight against certain current problems. Memory, understanding and action

Biodiversity, key in the fight against certain current problems. Memory, understanding and action


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By Alfredo Jesús Escribano Sánchez

It seems that we are losing the ability to look back, to remember, to put into practice and to find the why of what always worked, what has been perfecting for billions of years. It seems that in the pipette-natural evolution pulse, the first one wins due to a landslide of logistical and economic support (in 2008, in Spain, 54.3 million euros were dedicated to research in agricultural and food biotechnology, 60 times more than to research in organic agriculture), justified by promises and characterized by a mute of voluntary precautions.


Currently, the process of genetic selection carried out by natural selection, peasant knowledge, observation and understanding and collaboration with natural cycles do not seem to be worthy or sufficient to be taken into account in our progress towards overcoming problems of all kinds (economic, environmental and social: the three pillars of sustainability crumble), if not it seems necessary that the system create artificial solutions, the same system that has caused the damage. In the same way, the preservation of biodiversity is not understood or put into practice as a key part of food security (quantity and wholesomeness of food), but it is understood only as a set of heritage species, which are subject to of conservation to cover ethical questions (we cannot let the species become extinct, it is not right), of identity (the lynx is as Spanish as paella) and economic (they are a good tourist attraction).

The differentiating and absolutist reaffirmation of the human being, from a bird's eye view, with airs of unconscious superiority (the result of ignorance) over the rest of living beings, is today more than ever, a reflection of the profound “social Alzheimer's” of our modern and modern civilizations. developed. These are times when the absolute truth of science silences the mouths of observers, of empirics, of pragmatic memories that do not divide knowledge but integrate their experiences thanks to a holistic vision based on facts, whose channel is respect and the silent and comprehensive look at events, and not a pigeonholed and previously marked and budgeted investigative path that obviates traces and bifurcations that assail him on the path of the search for knowledge, for truth. It is not correct to create realities, but to look for why.

It seems that we are losing the ability to look back, to remember, to put into practice and to find the why of what always worked, what has been perfecting for billions of years. It seems that in the pipette-natural evolution pulse, the first one wins due to a landslide of logistical and economic support (in 2008, in Spain, 54.3 million euros were dedicated to research in agricultural and food biotechnology, 60 times more than to research in organic farming1), justified by promises and characterized by a mute of voluntary precautions.

Today, when memory, research, improvement and genetic selection already made and slowly and profusely perfected is most needed (natural selection), it is when, at the stroke of the thumb and between white walls and ultraviolet lights, the pairs of artificial bases, clones, fields of homogeneity, simplicity, ease and apparent yield. An attempt is being made to create a denatured world outside the sphere that conditions us and from which we cannot get out (nature, its functioning and limitations), but within it; curious ambition.


One only has to understand that biodiversity is "only" a complex network of flexible pieces that fit together like a puzzle but do not have corners, but rather have a spiral shape, practicing games of pressure, misadjustment and constant adjustment, seeking balance, receiving stimuli and activating the butterfly effect that is now overlooked by the estimation of the short-term consequences, by the boxing of visions, by statements that use an “unquestionable” formula in which the actors are the benefits and the costs.

The variety of life forms is, therefore, the consequence of a series of adjustments and adaptations to seek survival and, among them, to obtain food, that is, biodiversity is a reflection of the need to carry out food sovereignty in essence, in the most primitive sense of the concept, that is, obtaining food for oneself. Therefore, I consider that the practice of food sovereignty has provided us with a rich diversity, both biological and cultural, that it is necessary to remember and take into account as a free investigative process, already carried out and which continues tirelessly, highly significant and worthy. to be taken into account due to the lengthy adjustment and actual implementation thereof. In addition, the concepts of food sovereignty and biodiversity have their reciprocally necessary tug of war, since without biodiversity there will be no food due to a lack of varieties adapted to different climatic and edaphological conditions, lack of ecological balance, pollination and oblivion. and silencing the knowledge necessary to convert these varieties into sufficient sources of food.

In conclusion, we are looking at the façade and the sound of the words and not in their sense or in the relationships between them, dividing up knowledge and letting ourselves be carried away by promises, without paying attention to precautions or dignifying the natural, simply because it seems less without giving the opportunity, social, political and economic support to less popular sciences and practices in our way of life (such as alternative agriculture and its market models, consumption, etc.) that are, in many situations, a good A tool to combat various current problems: access to food, environmental crisis, economic crisis and high unemployment rates (organic farming requires a greater number of jobs -25 times more (1) - and seems to be a more attractive option to work the countryside and populate rural areas).

In addition, traditional, family, local and ecological agriculture are positive for the integration of women in the rural world (which is positive for fighting unemployment and rural depopulation, allowing an increase in the birth rate in these areas and rejuvenating the age average of its inhabitants) and to recognize and maintain the important role that it has been developing in the peasant world, in tasks such as sowing, collecting, selecting seeds, cleaning food and selling it in markets. In relation to industrial agriculture (especially if it is transgenic), I believe that there has been a lack of consideration and a serious error in the implementation of these advances. I think that, on the one hand, there must be research, which may be correct and the findings very beneficial, but regardless of this, and before applying these technologies, the practical application must be taken into account and rigorously legislated, to avoid side effects typical of the implementation of these technologies (exile, famine, death, plunder and depletion of resources, pollution and a long and serious etcetera).

Supporting new agriculture so unconditionally and creating this “biotechnological neobiodiversity” reduces cultural diversity and real (natural) biodiversity, adapted to climates and of empirically proven functioning, it is also contrary to estimating environmental, social, cultural, economic costs (yes, neither are they profitable in the medium and long term), the perennial problem of rural development, jobs and healthcare costs.

These costs are usually broken down, losing information, coherence and contextualization; All this against reality, in which it is not possible to impose a border between them or establish priorities, since the interrelationships between the various fields cause fluctuations of consequences (also diplomatically called "collateral damage") with a butterfly effect, which can lead to to be very serious (for example, when they are reflected as economic crises - very current - or difficulties of access to food - less famous but more long-lived -), but that nevertheless, can have such primary, simple and absent origins in the life and in the current mentality how things are from the terroir.

If you want to end hunger and thirst in the world, with climate change, with the rural desert, with health costs, resistance to antibiotics, the disappearance of bees, emerging diseases of unknown cause and cure, and so many other things, biodiversity is a key piece in the puzzle.

With a constructive spirit, I recommend that you do not forget about it or relegate it to foundations, conferences, specialists or to be a legislative and campaign adornment that helps you silence our voices, it must be a cross-cutting issue, because it affects us all as a species . In short, the omnipresent continent called biodiversity is being endowed with semantic sterility and many turns in the mouth, but few in the head and on the farm, without becoming aware of the relevance of this concept (it is not only about protecting species or to conserve spaces).

Alfredo Jesus Escribano Sánchez - Veterinarian and research fellow in organic farming. Spain

Bibliographic references

(1) Friends of the Earth. Models of agriculture in times of crisis. Available at: http://www.tierra.org/spip/spip.php?article1087


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Comments:

  1. Babatunde

    This information is true



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