The economic development model implemented by the States of the American continent ignores our reality and our Own Development; it omits the recognition of the good life, the balance and the harmony of our indigenous being with Mother Earth. The adoption and implementation of the American Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples must be a commitment of the States to stop the ethnocide of our peoples.
We, the Governments of the Indigenous Peoples, Nations and Organizations of South America, Central America, North America and the Caribbean, in the exercise of our right to self-determination and in defense of Mother Earth, we walk the word together.
1. That the economic development model implemented by the States of the American continent ignores our reality and our Own Development; it omits the recognition of the good life, the balance and the harmony of our indigenous being with Mother Earth.
2. That the State policies to mitigate and reduce the impacts of climate change have been ineffective and have shown their failure, promoting the commercialization of the environment (REDD +, carbon credits and green economy).
3. That the adoption and implementation of the American Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples must be a commitment of the States to stop the ethnocide of our peoples.
4. That the coca leaf has a sacred, millenary and cultural character and is material and spiritual food for our peoples.
5. That the exercise of self-determination of our peoples must be guaranteed and our quality of Own Governments strengthened in international instances.
6. That the American States measure the social inequality and / or prosperity of the Indigenous Peoples through generalized indicators and goals and not through the effective exercise of our real rights over ancestral territories. Preventing the duty to protect, respect and safeguard Mother Earth as a subject of rights.
7. That regional integration must be consolidated as a space of recognition and respect for our peoples, as well as overcoming social inequity and all colonialist practices in relations between States and between them and the peoples.
DECLARE to the Heads of the States of the Region, meeting on the 14th and 15th of 2012 in the framework of the VI Summit of the Americas held in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, the following:
I. Faced with the economic development model:
1. This has been reduced to the intervention and illegitimate dispossession of our territories, as well as the overexploitation of the natural assets that we have conserved for millennia, inevitably subjecting us to genocide and extermination.
2. We affirm that overcoming the social inequity of our peoples must be achieved through the adoption and implementation of legal instruments and public policies that protect us and guarantee the exercise of our rights, preventing potential violations, the devastation of our territory, as well such as the effects that endanger our physical survival and cultural permanence.
3. Regional Integration must overcome the perpetuation of economic, political and social intervention in our territories.
II. Facing climate change:
1. Given the nature of being a living being that Mother Earth has, there is a need to implement our contributions and millenary practices that mitigate and reduce the impacts of the climate change phenomenon.
III. Facing the American Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
1. We require a serious and respectful commitment on the part of the States aimed at strengthening economically and politically the process of consultation with the authorities and representative organizations of the Indigenous Peoples of the region, which allows the adoption and implementation of this instrument within a year juridically and consequently, the duties and obligations that are inherent to the States by nature are fulfilled. We express our concern regarding the decision of countries such as the United States and Canada to withdraw from the negotiation process, putting at risk the consensus and agreements reached in 13 years of negotiations.
2. Respect the principle of progressiveness of rights and refrain from incorporating regressive provisions in the American Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and having as a minimum standard for negotiations, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. We urge to promote dialogue and not close communication channels on the fundamental axes for the protection of indigenous peoples.
IV. Against the Right to Self-Determination and the Recognition of the Own Governments of Indigenous Peoples.
1. To implement a space for permanent and horizontal dialogue and articulation within the structure of the OAS, in order to guarantee the consolidation of democratic principles within the Organization. This instance must advance in the implementation and monitoring of government policies that affect indigenous peoples, as well as evaluate the continuity of the agreements entered into between the states and indigenous peoples of the continent, as well as the decisions made within the framework of the Inter-American Human rights.
2. We support all consultation processes with indigenous peoples within the framework of ILO Convention 169.
3. Decriminalize the consumption of the coca leaf in its natural state because it has a sacred, millenary and cultural nature and is material and spiritual food for our peoples.
That the governments of the Americas contribute to the democratization of the word and their own communication strategies by opening up and jointly executing with indigenous organizations, true differential public policies on the issue of indigenous communication. Legitimize the mandate of the First Continental Summit of Indigenous Communication of Abya Yala, held in Cauca, Colombia, as the roadmap for the strategic plans of the peoples and States on the issue of differential communication.
V. Against the Inter-American Human Rights System.
1. We urge the protection bodies of the Inter-American System (Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights) to protect the rights of indigenous peoples, in accordance with international instruments for the protection of Human Rights, where the protection of peoples must prevail. Indigenous people above the execution of the extractive economic development and deterritorialization model advanced by the States of the region.
2. We call upon the States to recognize and apply the mandates of the Inter-American System.
SAW. Facing Human Rights:
1. We ask the States to give priority to political solutions in the event of any conflict; In this sense, we urge the Colombian State to generate all the conditions in what is within its competence, to seek a political solution to the armed conflict that afflicts us, otherwise the extermination to which our Colombian brothers are currently subjected will be perpetuated.
2. We demand respect from the States towards our territories and ourselves, due to the campaign of militarization and criminalization to which they have subjected us in the region.
3. We invite the adoption of an American Convention that truly and effectively protects the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent. This legal instrument must be respected by the States in accordance with its human right nature and its content that is inseparable from the existence of indigenous peoples.
4. Policies designed to protect and implement the rights of indigenous peoples must be constructed in a concerted manner and guarantee their differential approach.
5. Double down on efforts to protect indigenous children, women, and youth.
6. Consolidate the legal security of indigenous territories, ratify our ancestral occupation and possession, as well as guarantee the effective enjoyment of the right to territorial property.
We support the maritime demand of Bolivia and urge the States involved to find definitive solutions as soon as possible, within the framework of regional integration for the good life and prosperity of Abya Yala (Americas).
In this framework of integration of the peoples, specifically of the indigenous peoples, and being the year 2012 of reunion, of reconciliation, of new times, we suggest that the Sister Republic of Cuba can participate from the next Summit of the Americas.
Finally, we maintain our willingness to continue strengthening the democratic and dialogue processes in the region, considering that while the States of the hemisphere manifest their political will and advance in the construction of discussion channels, our Own Governments will move towards the construction of a Treaty of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to ratify our millennial rights and strengthen our alliances in defense of Mother Earth.
In order to strengthen our integration and unity, we also decided
Constitute the Council of Social Organizations of the Peoples of Abya Yala (Americas).
Declaration of the IV Summit of Indigenous Leaders of the Americas - "Weaving Alliances for the Defense of Mother Earth"
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia - April 11 and 12, 2012
Andean Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations - CAOI - Communications Area - www.coordinadoracaoi.org